Multiple myeloma is a cancer which is formed in plasma cell – a type of white blood cells. Plasma cells assist the body in fighting infections by building antibodies that recognize and target germs.
Multiple myeloma causes the accumulation of cancer cells in the bone marrow, where they reduce the count of healthy blood cells. Instead of producing helpful antibodies, the cancer cells produce abnormal proteins that can lead to complications.
If you are facing Multiple Myeloma symptoms, your doctor will discuss the problems faced by you to come up with an efficient treatment plan. The treatment will improve the quality of your life by reducing your symptoms and helping you get proper nutrition. Many renowned hospitals such as Max Healthcare offer the most efficient cancer treatment in India.
Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma
The symptoms of multiple myeloma can differ from person to person and, early in the disease, there may be no symptoms at all. However, when symptoms and signs do show up, they can include:
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Weakness or numbness in the legs
- Confusion or mental fogginess
- Frequent infections
- Excessive thirst
Risk factors for Multiple Myeloma
Certain factors may intensify the risk of developing multiple myeloma. These include:
- Increasing age: The risk of multiple myeloma tends to increase with age. Majority of people are diagnosed with multiple myeloma when they approach themid-60s.
- Gender: Males are more likely to develop Multiple Myeloma than females.
- Race:Black people are about twice more likely to develop this ailment.
- Family History: If a parent, brother or sister (first-degree relative)has multiple myeloma, a person has a higher risk of developing the disease.
Complications of Multiple Myeloma
- Frequent Infections: Myeloma cells prevent your body's capability to fight infections.
- Reduced Kidney Function: Multiple myeloma may lead to problems with kidney function, including kidney failure. Higher calcium levels in the blood associated with eroding bones can affect the kidneys ability to filter waste from your blood. Furthermore, the proteins produced by the myeloma cells can lead to similar problems.
- Bone Problems: Multiple myeloma can also interfere with the functioning of your bones, causing thinning bones, bone pain, and broken bones.
- Low Red Blood Cell Count (Anaemia): As myeloma cells tend to crowd out the normal blood cells, multiple myeloma can also lead to anaemia and various other blood problems.
Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
If the body is not showing any signs or symptoms, then the doctor may decide to observe you closely instead of starting the treatment right away. However, if you do have specific symptoms, your doctor will discuss everything in detail and then come up with an effective treatment plan. The purpose of the treatment plan is to improve the quality of life by treating your symptoms. The doctor may take any of the below-mentioned treatment measures.
- Medications: The doctors choose drugs on the basis of your age as well as how aggressive the cancer is.
- Chemotherapy: Chemo drugs are mostly used in combinations. Chemotherapy targets the cancerous cells and often affects the healthy ones too.
- Corticosteroids: These drugs are used to help other treatments work and to ease the repercussions of the side effects.
- Targeted Therapy: These medications target genes, tissues, or proteins and also prevent cancer from growing.
Knowing how aggressive the condition is can help you and the doctor to devise the right treatment plan. To get proper cancer treatment, you should visit one of the best hospitals in India like Max Healthcare which is famous for its renowned team of doctors. Remember, any disease is curable when diagnosed in its early age. So, if you are suffering from any of the symptoms of multiple myeloma from more than two weeks, scheduling an appointment with the top oncologist in Delhi is advisable.