Know More About Cataract Eye Surgery: Types and Treatments


Blindness has been a cause of concern for many decades in several developed and underdeveloped countries. Relying on the recent stats, there are approximately 12 million blind people in India. Not so surprisingly, almost 80% of the cases of blindness are due to cataracts.

A cataract is a medical condition wherein the lens gets clouded and consequently, the vision gets affected. Even though the initial onset of cataracts is not so worrisome, but if it is left untreated, it can cause visual impairment and complete blindness. Having said that, cataract eye surgery is highly effective in treating cataract and all its consequences. Have a look at all different types of cataract surgery and treatments in this article:

What Symptoms and Causes Cataract?

Cataract is caused when proteins present in the eye accumulate to settle on the lens of the eyes. This can come about due to various factors, including overexposure to UV radiation, diabetes, radiation therapy, or steroids, to name a few. Below we have mentioned some of the many symptoms of cataract:

  • Sensitivity to glare and light
  • Yellowing or fading of colours
  • Dim, blurred, and clouded vision
  • Increasing difficulty with night vision

How Can Cataract be Treated?

Some minor cataracts can be treated using eyeglasses. However, if they are not effective, getting cataract eye surgery is the solution. Here are all the types of cataract surgery you need to know about:

  • Phacoemulsification Surgery

Phacoemulsification surgery is the quickest cataract eye surgery. The surgery involves a tiny incision around the cornea to create an opening around the membrane. The cataract is then fragmented using laser. These fragmented particles are then pulled out through suction. Lastly, an intraocular lens is implanted in the lens.

  • Extracapsular Cataract Extraction Surgery

This type of cataract surgery is mainly recommended for patients with advanced cataracts. Extracapsular Cataract Extraction Surgery involves the removal of cataracts in one piece by making a larger incision.

A patient is administered with anaesthesia before this surgery and the cataract removal is conducted by removing the eye lens. An intraocular lens is then placed inside the existing capsule. As this cataract eye surgery involves a larger incision, several sutures are required, resulting in longer recovery process.

  • Laser Treatment for Cataract

As the name suggests, the surgery is done through femtosecond laser technology for high precision and accuracy. The procedure is similar to that of Phacoemulsification and Extracapsular cataract surgeries. The only difference is that the other two procedures use handheld tools, while this uses a laser. The surgical procedure of laser treatment for cataracts includes:

  • An incision in the cornea
  • Cataract fragmentation
  • Intraocular Lens (IOL) implant

How to Know if You Require a Cataract Eye Surgery?

If you have been experiencing symptoms such as yellow eye, vision blur, power increase or sensitivity to light, get yourself checked by an ophthalmologist at the earliest. An ophthalmologist would recommend the treatment and Type of cataract surgery based on the level of your cataract. Additionally, proper rest, medications and a highly nutritious diet are recommended to ensure a quicker recovery.

Find Your Way with Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital

Dr. Agarwal’s Eye Hospital has been revolutionizing healthcare since 1957. They have treated over 20L+ eyes for cataract while offering world exceptional eye care facilities across 11 countries with 100+ hospitals functioning with a team of 400 expert doctors.

Dr Agarwal’s Eye Hospital holds a prestigious reputation in treating all-eye related conditions like diabetic retinopathy, cataract, glaucoma, macular hole, corneal ulcer, squint and more. They have state-of-the-art equipment and skilled surgeons with rich experience in treating cataract in several states like Maharashtra, Kerala, Gujrat, Puducherry, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, and more.

In addition, with world class technology and technical team, they are the pioneers when it comes to surgical innovations in cataract surgery like Glued IOL and advanced ophthalmic medical technology in Africa and India. In order to know more about their best-in-class eye care facilities and services, explore their official website today!

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