Causes and Treatment of Nail Fungus

blankNail fungus is a common condition that starts with a yellow or white spot beneath your fingernails or toenails. As the fungus goes deeper, your nails start to thicken, discolour and crumble at the edge. Nail fungus can affect other nails; therefore, it should be treated immediately if it’s causing pain and discomfort.

However, if your condition is mild and not bothering you, you may not need immediate treatment. If your nail fungus is starting to cause pain and discomfort, personal care and medication may help. Nail fungus is a recurring problem. That’s why podiatrists don’t recommend immediate treatment if it’s not bothering you. Even if the treatment is successful, nail fungus often comes back. The best way to avoid nail fungus is not to let it develop.

Causes of Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is called by different bacteria that enter our nails through cracks. It’s a common condition that occurs mostly in old adults. With time, our nails start to crack, allowing room for bacteria to penetrate our nails and cause an infection. Other factors such as reduced blood circulation to the lower body and weakened immune system play a critical role in causing nail fungus.

Diagnosis of Nail Fungus

Diagnosing nail fungus is a painless process and won’t cause any cuts or blood. The physician will take a sample of your nail by scraping a small piece. They will then test it to determine the type of infection. Nail fungus has various types, but the most common one is dermatophytes.

Physicians are mostly careful when diagnosing nail fungus as several other diseases follow the same condition. For instance, conditions like nail bed tumour, contact dermatitis, psoriasis, lichen planus, trauma, eczema, and yellow nail syndrome have similar symptoms.


Nail fungus is difficult to treat. Talk to a doctor if home remedies and over the counter medicines aren’t helping you. Treatment depends on the condition of your fungus and how far it has spread. Be aware that even successful treatment doesn’t guarantee that the fungus won’t come back.


Doctors combine oral and applied medication for your fungal infection. You can consume the oral medication and apply the prescribed medication to your fugal nail.

  • Oral Antifungal Drugs

This is the first choice of treatment among doctors. Oral antifungal drugs clear the infected area of your nail. Moreover, oral antifungal drugs give room to the new nail to replace the infected one. Patients typically take the oral antifungal drug according to the doctors prescription. However, you won’t see results until the treatment is completed. The treatment takes 4 to 6 months for the new nail to replace the old one. The success rate of oral antifungal drugs is lower in older patients.

  • Medical Nail Polish

Your doctor may prescribe a medical nail polish for your fungal nail. You’ll have to apply the nail polish on your infected nail and the surrounding skin once a day. Let the nail polish rest for seven days. After that, wipe it clean with alcohol and begin a fresh application. You might need to repeat this process for a year to remove the fungal nail completely.

PACT Fungal Nail Therapy

PACT treatment options is a revolutionary approach to dealing with a fungal nail. It is a safe, painless and effective treatment for nail fungus. It involves focusing a high wavelength beam of light on the infected nail.

How Does it Work?

The PACT treatment option utilizes a PACT lamp and a PACT gel. The gel is applied to the infected nail. The PACT gel is harmless and doesn’t affect other cells of the body. This gel is fine-tuned to target fungal cells. The PACT lamp light increases the probability of destroying fungal cells up to 99.9%. The PACT treatment option is a reliable answer to fungal nails. It can also drastically reduce the chances of fungal regrowth because the fungal bacteria are targeted from the root.

Who’s It Suitable For?

PACT treatment is best suited for people with mild to moderate fungal infections. If the infection has spread deeper in the nail, the PACT light won’t do any good. If the infection has penetrated beyond the cuticle area, the PACT light can’t directly shine on the infected nail, reducing the chances of a swift recovery.

Final Thoughts

Nail fungus is a common condition, and it affects old adults. It’s a recurring condition, but you can reduce the chances of your fungus growing back through PACT treatment options. The above treatments are also helpful but have significant chances of regrowth. To prevent nail fungus, you need to wash and moisturize your feet daily.