Making the right choice when it comes to contraception is of the utmost importance. Your own personal preferences combined with your doctor’s advice should make it relatively clear as to which represents the most appropriate contraception for you personally.
In all instances, there are countless options to choose from, including the following 10 most common birth control types:
The combined pill is perhaps the single most common type of contraception used by women in the west. Along with effectively preventing pregnancy, the pill has also been linked with a variety of additional benefits, including reduced risk of certain infections, acne and even cancer.
Comprehensively cheap and accessible, condoms are relied upon by millions of men and women alike every day. While some argue that condoms have the potential to reduce sexual pleasure, others find the slightly dulled sensation useful in assisting their performance.
The Vaginal Ring
Vaginal rings are flexible devices inserted directly into the vagina, subsequently removed when the woman in question gets her period. While the vaginal ring is typically considered safe and effective, it does have the potential to cause irritation and occasionally increase infection risk in women.
Millions of women worldwide now rely on contraceptive injections, which can effectively prevent pregnancy with just a single shot every three months. Research suggesting that around 50% of those who use the contraceptive shot stop experiencing periods entirely. The shot has also been linked with an elevated chance of mild to moderate weight gain.
The effectiveness of the contraceptive patch is comprehensively documented, though some argue that the oestrogen levels the patch contains are too high. Nevertheless, the patch is comprehensively easy to use, highly discreet and linked with comparatively few side effects.
Contraceptive implants are useful for women interested in long-term protection – a single implant typically lasting as long as three years. Possible side effects include irregular bleeding and lighter periods, though all such effects usually go away as soon as the implant is removed.
This is another example of a device which is inserted directly into the uterus. Perhaps the biggest benefit of all with the IUD being its potential to provide effective protection for more than 10 years. It’s also linked with very few side effects of any real consequence.
The simplicity of the diaphragm is what makes it so popular worldwide. Designed to provide short-term protection for a maximum of 24 hours, diaphragms are easy to insert and remove. The only downside being that they are also one of the least effective contraception methods on the market.
The effectiveness of birth control gel is a subject of heavy debate. Some firmly believe contraceptive gels represent the future of contraception, while others aren’t so convinced. In any case, genuinely effective contraceptive gel isn’t expected to arrive on the market for some time to come.
The Pill (for Men)
Last but not least, the same also goes for the male contraception pill. Having attracted comparatively little attention from the scientific community until relatively recently, there isn’t currently a male contraceptive pill on the market recommended by experts as safe and effective. This may change in the future, but there are no guarantees for the time being.